Genome analysis for enhanced plant breeding

With climatic pressure everincreasing and arable land becoming a rare commodity, agriculture is faced with the challenge of sustainably feeding 9 billion people in 2050. One way of facing up to this challenge is through the creation of new plant varieties that are both more productive and environmentally friendly.

Plant breeding requires the identification of interesting characteristics (high yields, disease resistant, drought resistant) as well as the identification of genes and molecular mechanisms that govern them. These processes require a broad range of disciplines including phenotyping, genetics, molecular biology and genomic resources management.

With this multidisciplinary aim in mind, the CNRGV provides genomic resources and expertise, through varied dimensional projects (from the identification of one gene to sequencing of a whole genome), to public laboratories and private companies. Such projects could be based on already existing resources or might include the creation of new libraries.

Genome analysis for enhanced plant breeding projects

Breedwheat : Developing new wheat varieties for sustainable agriculture

Ble

Developing new wheat varieties for sustainable agriculture.

SUNRISE : SUNflower Resources to Improve yield Stability in a changing Environment

Sunrise

Project funded in the frame of "Investments for the future"

ERC LUPIN ROOTS : Unravelling cluster root development in white lupin

Lupine project

Plants exhibit a high level of developmental plasticity that is controlled by a complex combination of perception, integration and response. In opposition to animals, where developmental patterns are highly conserved, plant organs are produced as a response to environmental stimuli. Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in how plants perceive and respond to these stimuli is of key importance and may lead to future application in the agronomic field. One of the most striking developmental adaptations are cluster roots from White Lupin (Lupinus albus)...

CATCH My Interest : capture of large genomic regions of interest

CATCHMI

The CATCHMI project aims at developing a new approach to capture specific genomic regions of interest.

FINAPEA : Fine mapping and candidate genes at a major resistance QTL to Aphanomyces euteiches in pea

FINAPEA

FINAPEA : The project will be associated to the federative PeaMUST national Investments for the Future Consortium.

Pyramiding strategy for durable resistance to root-knot nematodes in Prunus Rootstocks

Prunus project

Root-knot nematodes (RKN) (Meloidogyne spp.) are extremely polyphagous pests with a high economic impact at the global scale. In stone fruit trees, three major dominant resistance (R) genes, Ma (plum),RMia (peach) and RMja (almond), have been identified and mapped in this objective. Pyramiding all three R genes opens the way to breeding rootstocks protected by at least two of them for a durable resistance...

Identifying sequences associated with virus tolerance in cassava

Cassava project

Geminiviruses represent an important threat to crop production and food security as they are the causal agents of viral diseases in tropical and temperate staple crops. Understanding natural host resistance opens new perspectives to reduce the negative impact of viral diseases on crop production...

Controling Recombination rate for pOlyploid Crop improvement (CROC)

Logo ANR rond

Controling Recombination rate for pOlyploid Crop improvement (CROC)

AMAIZING

AMAIZING logo

AMAIZING aims at the development of innovative breakthrough in breeding methods and agricultural practices for the production of high yielding crop varieties with improved environmental values. It relies on a large partnership between the key players of maize economy in France and in particular a strong private partnership unique to date in the history of maize research in France.

SUNYFUEL : Improving sunflower yield and quality for biofuel production by genomics and genetics

sunyfuel

Improving sunflower yield and quality for biofuel production by genomics and genetics .

PROMOSOL

promosol mildiou

Durable resistance to downy mildew ( Plasmopara halstedii) in sunflower

ZeaWall : Towards the identification of genetic determinisms involved in lignified secondary cell wall degradability through the elucidation of QTLs

Projet Maïs

ZeaWall : Towards the identification of genetic determinisms involved in lignified secondary cell wall degradability through the elucidation of QTLs

Identification of the genomic region responsible for the resistance to the leaf rust in the weat variety Sinvalocho MA using non gridded BAC library.

Identification of the genomic region responsible for the resistance to the leaf rust in the weat variety Sinvalocho MA using non gridded BAC library.

Positional cloning of the SrWLR locus involved in the wheat stem rust resistance

The project is developed in collaboration with the laboratory of Dr Maricellis Acevedo (North Dakota State University) as part of Jason Zurn PhD thesis.

The project's objective is to characterize the SrWLR locus, responsible for stem rust resistance in wheat.

Functional genomics of the wheat-Fusarium interaction

Functional genomics of the wheat-Fusarium interaction