Plant genome sequencing
Plant sequencing requires quality genome resources and varied competences in order to manage and diffuse reliable resources, define physical maps, carry out sequencing and undertake bio-informatic analysis.
To put such synergies in place and meet the existing significant costs of such projects, laboratories form international consortia.
Thus, today the CNRGV is a recognized partner of numerous international sequencing projects.
Sequencing the wheat genome has long been considered an insurmountable challenge, due to the high complexity of the wheat genome. But improving average wheat yields has become a major objective with genome sequencing as its prerequisite. The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC) was created in 2005 by a group of wheat growers, plant scientists, and public and private breeders to change this paradigm. Today, the international public-private collaborative consortium has more than 1,500 members in 60 countries. The goal of the IWGSC is to make a high quality genome sequence of the bread wheat cv. Chinese Spring publicly available, in order to serve as a foundation for the accelerated development of improved varieties and to empower all aspects of basic and applied wheat science.
The CNRGV is the partner of the genome sequencing project involving Canada, USA and France. In this project, the CNRGV will be in charge of the constructions of the new sunflower BAC libraries from the genotype HA412-HO. 3 BAC libraries will be constructed using 3 different enzymes (HindIII, EcoRI, and BamHI) in order to reach a 12 to 14 x coverage of the sunflower genome.
The objective of the International Barley Sequencing Consortium (IBSC) is to physically map and sequence the barley gene space, and an ordered physical map linked to the genetic map to accelerate crop improvement.
AMAIZING aims at the development of innovative breakthrough in breeding methods and agricultural practices for the production of high yielding crop varieties with improved environmental values. It relies on a large partnership between the key players of maize economy in France and in particular a strong private partnership unique to date in the history of maize research in France.
Project funded in the frame of "Investments for the future"
The Sugarcane Genome Sequencing Initiative (SUGESI): Strategies for Sequencing a Highly Complex Genome
Sugarcane cultivars derive from recent interspecific hybrids obtained by crossing Saccharum officinarum and Saccharum spontaneum and represent relevant feedstock used worldwide for biofuel production.
GENOAK : Sequencing of the oak genome and identification of genes that matter for forest tree adaptation
The objective of the GENOAK project are to establish a high quality reference genome sequence for Quercus robur, and to identify genes involved in adaptation through the analysis of adaptive divergence (incipient ecological speciation) at the transcriptome and genome-wide levels.